Liquid Limit Test of Soil

Liquid Limit Testing Tools Liquid Limit Testing Tools

Liquid Limit Testing Tools

The consistency and behavior of soils vary throughout. Therefore, qualities such as moisture content, hardness and reliability are important to test within specimens in order to assure stability in the structures they support. Therefore, Atterberg limit tests are done often to measure water content within on-site soil. more »

Liquid Limit Testing Tools, continued

One way to measure the critical water content of fine-grained soil is through its liquid limit. Liquid limit is defined as the water content at which the behavior of a clayey soil changes from plastic to liquid. Using ASTM Standard D4318, the liquid limit test of soil determines this transition over a range of water contents. More specifically, it gives valuable information regarding the state of consistency of soil on-site.

Liquid Limit can be determined using two methods:

  • The Casagrande cup method, which is widely used in the United States, defines liquid limit as the moisture content required to close a metal cup filed with soil paste a distance of 0.5 inches using a liquid limit device.
  • The cone penetration test for liquid limit is more prevalent in Europe and measures the moisture content at which a cone will penetrate a soil sample a distance of 20 mm in approximately 5 seconds.

In each testing type, many data points are collected and used to plot a flow curve which ultimately establishes a liquid limit.

Humboldt provides a wide variety of equipment for the liquid limit test of soil. With liquid limit machines for the Casagrande cup method and cone penetrometers for the penetration method, you are sure to find products for all of your testing needs. Entire Atterberg liquid limit tests are also available.

For additional information about Humboldt's Atterberg Limits products, visit our Atterberg Limits Soil Testing Equipment page or our Geotechnical Testing and Engineering landing page for more about soil testing.

If you have questions or need help selecting the liquid limit testing tool that is right for your needs, please call us at 1.800.544.7220 or use our Ask Humboldt form.

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